Copyrights - Introduction

Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted to the owner for a limited time to protect the particular form, way or manner in which an idea or information is expressed. Examples literary & artistic work, music, films, paintings, sculptures, computer programs and database etc, Copyright is Moral and economic rights of authors/ writers, publishers, performers and producers of sound recordings (phonograms). Duration of Copyright protection is life time of the author plus 50 years thereafter

Copyright work/Copyright registration can categorized by following Parts

  • Part-I:    Literary works (Books, Magazines, Journals, Lectures, Sermons, Dramas, Novels, and also  including Computer Programs and   Compilation of Data)
  • Part-II:    Artistic works (Paintings, Photographs, Maps, Charts, Calligraphies, Sculptures, Architectural Works, Drawings, Label Designs, Logos, Monograms etc).
  • Part-III:  Cinematographic works   (Motion Pictures, Video Cassettes, VCD’s, DVD’s   etc.).
  • Part-IV:    Records Works    (Audio Cassettes and CD’s).

 Copyright Office Karachi

The Copyright Office was established at Karachi in 1963 under the Provision of Copyright Ordinance, 1962, as subordinate office and then upgraded as attached department of Ministry of Education Islamabad. The branch office was established at Lahore in 1984. The Copyright office has become a part of IPO-Pakistan under the administrative control of Cabinet Division, since April 2005. The Copyright Office is headed by the Registrar of Copyrights (BPS-19). The Office provides support services to a variety of creative industries, such as literary work including computer program/software/databases, publishing industry, artistic work, cinematographic work and Record Work.

 Copyright office provides

  1. A system of voluntary registration.
  2. To grant registration of various copyrighted works.
  3. Facilitate any interested person who makes an application to the Registrar.
  4. To provide prima-facie evidence to prove the ownership of copyright before the court of law or any authority. 
Copyright Office and Governing Legislation  Since Independence, British Copyright Act, 1911 adapted.
  1. Replaced by the Copyright Ordinance, 1962.
  2. The Copyright Office, at Karachi in 1963.
  3. The Copyright Office, at Karachi in 1963.
  4. The Copyright Rules of, 1967 as amended in 2002.
  5. Registration started in 1967.
  6. The International Copyright Order, 1968.
  7. The International Copyright Order, 1968.
  8. The Copyright Board (Procedure) Regulations 1981.
  9. Branch office in 1986 at Lahore
  10. Part of IPO-Pakistan since 2005.
International Treaties/Conventions on Copyright

  • Berne Convention , 1886  for The Protection of Library and Artistic
  • Universal Copyright Convention, 1952
  • WTO , 1995
  • WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT),1996
  • WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT),1996

 Steps of Registration of Copyright

  1. Filing of application
  2. Examination
  3. Publication in newspaper (Artistic Work only)
  4. Opposition, if any
  5. Issuance of Certificate by Registrar (Registration)

Achievements of Copyright office after the establishment of IPO-Pakistan

  • Curtail the examination period of Artistic Works from 4-5 years to 2-1.5 years
  • Curtail the examination period of Non-Artistic Works from 4-5 years to 1 year
  • Establishment of new IT-Section and server room with improved IT-infrastructure during 2009
  • Installation of improved , central and controlled Local Area Network during 2009
  • Availability of Copyright data/application forms on IPO website.
  • Availability of updated Copyright Publication of Artistic Work on IPO Website, since 2006
  • Issuing Computerized acknowledgment receipt for Copyright Application and issuing File No. to the Applicant at reception
  •  96% of Copyright Data since its establishment in 1967 has been captured/Digitized and completed.
  • Since March, 2008 till onward the Copyright Office is digitizing and scanning the data, on regular basis.
  • Copyright Administration system (CAS) software has been deployed and working efficiently and effectively.
  • Interconnection of Copyright branch office IPO-Pakistan Regional Office, Lahore and Receiving Desk at IPO-HQ with Copyright Office Karachi by VPN technology to access Copyright Administration System (CAS) for data entry
  • Copyright office is also performing data verification on regular basis.


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