Being a signatory to Trade Related Intellectual property Rights, Agreement (TRIPs) under WTO, Pakistan required upgradation of its intellectual property infrastructure in tandem with global trends. Accordingly the existing legislation on Intellectual Property i.e. Copyrights, Patents and Trademarks has been upgraded and the revised laws have been promulgated.  Read More
A trademark is a sign that individualizes the goods of a given enterprise and distinguishes them from the goods of others. It can be in the form of words, designs, letters, numerals or packaging, slogans, devices, symbols, etc.
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Patents A patent is a grant from the Government, which confers on the grantee, for a limited term of 20 years, the following acts, namely 1) When patents has been granted in respect of a product. 2)When the patents has been granted in respect of a process. Read More
industrial design An industrial design is the ornamental or aesthetic aspect of an article, in other words, that part which makes the article attractive & appealing. It may consist of three-dimensional features, such as the shape or surface of an article or two-dimensional features, such as patterns, lines or colours. Read More
Integrated circuit Integrated circuit means a product, in its final form or an intermediate form, in which the elements, at least one of which is an active element, and some or all of the interconnections are integrally formed in and/or on a piece of material and which is intended to perform an electronic function. Read More
Copyrights Copyright deals with the protection of literary and artistic works. These include writings, music, and works of the fine arts, such as paintings and sculptures, and technology-based works such as computer programs and electronic databases. Read More
Geographical Indication Geographical Indication in relation to goods, means , an indication which identifies such goods, as originating or manufactured or produced in a territory of a qualifying country or a region or a locality of a qualifying country , where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of such goods, is essentially attributable to its geographical origin. Read More
Plant Breaders Rights Plant Breeders' Rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give them exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.   Read More

GRTKF ‘GRTKF’ stands for Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore. GRTKF have been identified as types of non-conventional Intellectual Property (IP) during last few decades. These important types of IP have been recognized valuable intellectual asset of indigenous communities, traditional societies and local population of many countries residing there since long.
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